“On a recent flight back from New Delhi to Washington, my seatmate was a typical American success story in the making. The young man, who I’ll call Ashok, said he was finishing his master’s degree at a top 20 engineering school, where he applies artificial intelligence and machine learning to aeronautical engineering.

“‘So, where to after graduation?’ I asked. ‘Lockheed or Boeing? SpaceX? Some startup?’

“‘Oh, I’m not staying in America,’ Ashok said bluntly. ‘I’d have to hang around months hoping for an H-1B,’ the visa for high-skilled workers. ‘And while waiting, I’m not allowed to work or even leave the country for a vacation. Can you imagine?’

“I could not…”

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